• Sajid Aslam Minhaj University Lahore
  • Taimoor Khalid University of Okara
Keywords: Neuropsychological testing, Clinical evaluations, Diagnostic, Phonological dysfunctions, Diagnostic standards, Articulation, phonological awareness


The purpose of this study is to clarify the frequency, causes, and consequences of phonological issues in children. Children with phonological disorders face a number of challenges in their quest for academic success and the efficient development of their communication skills. The study uses an extensive methodology to identify patterns and contributing factors of phonological dysfunction, including neuropsychological testing, linguistic analysis, and clinical examinations. The study employs a comprehensive review of the literature in addition to clinical case studies and empirical research to provide a precise understanding of speech threads and phonological anomalies. This aids in elucidating the fundamental reasons, criteria for diagnosis, and possible treatments for certain conditions. This study aims to answer the following questions: 1. What speech thread patterns do children with phonological issues display? 2. What possible extrinsic variables might influence the way kids with phonological issues construct their speech threads?
A mixed-methods research technique, including quantitative and qualitative methodologies, will be used for this project. Children with phonological difficulties aged 4 to 8 who are chosen from educational and clinical settings will make up the sample. Participants' speech samples will be gathered using standardized tests such as the Phonological Awareness Test-2 (PAT-2) and the Goldman-Fristoe Test of Articulation-3 (GFTA-3). Software for acoustic analysis will be used to look at voice thread patterns. The principal finding of the study is etiological Diversity, which has Many etiological factors have been connected to phonological problems in children have been connected to several etiological causes, including environmental circumstances, neurological characteristics, and genetic predispositions.
The study found that 33% of the children in the sample had phonological problems.
Boys (19%) had a somewhat higher incidence than girls (14%). The majority of children had difficulty with some speech sounds, particularly /s/, /r/, and /l/.


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How to Cite
Aslam, S., & Khalid , T. (2024). The BREAKING DOWN SPEECH BARRIERS: EXPLORING PHONOLOGICAL DISORDERS AND INTERVENTION METHODS IN CHILDHOOD SPEECH". International Bulletin of Linguistics and Literature (IBLL), 7(1), 47-56. Retrieved from