International Bulletin of Linguistics and Literature (IBLL) is published quarterly, in March, June, September, and December every year by Research Syndicate Academy



  1. Manuscript submission at the International Bulletin of Linguistics and Literature (IBLL) is online via OJS only. We do not accept submissions via email, nor hard copies by hand or post.
  2. A guide has been prepared to help the authors upload the manuscripts on OJS, which can be retrieved.
  3. Please note that no article will be processed without a cover letter, ethical approval of research, submission form, and processing fees.Upon initial submission, the team confirms if all the valid documents are present and complete. If the submission is complete, a request to submit processing fees is sent. If the submission is incomplete, the article is returned to the author for completion. The authors will have two weeks to complete the submission. Failure to do so within the time limit will result in automatic deletion of the article from the online submission system without prior notice


The following guidelines are to be followed strictly by the authors:

  1. The manuscripts for publication are required to be in clear, concise, and grammatically correct English.
  2. The manuscript is required to be written in the English language only. However, English translation is required to be provided to incorporate words or text from any other language (indigenous or foreign)
  3. Journal only consider MS word file submission; pdf files are not acceptable.
  4. The manuscripts are required to be written with 12 font sizes in Times New Roman font style. The line spacing should be 1 (one) with a 1-inch margin of the page from all sides.
  5. The font size for the title of the article should be 14 (fourteen).
  6. Abstract and keywords, along with their headings, should be in 12 (twelve).
  7. Authors' names and affiliations should be written also in 10.
  8. The entire content of the article, along with headings and references, should be in 12. The font style for the manuscript is required to be  'Times New Roman.'
  9. The heading should be bold and indicated in the article with initial capital letters.
  10. The first paragraph after each heading should be without indentation. If the heading contains more than one section, after the first paragraph following sections should be with indentation.
  11. The title of the manuscript is required to be bold with initial capital letters of all the words.
  12. The detail of the authorship is required to be given on the title page along with their email and affiliations (department, university, city, and country)
  13. The authorship is required to be given in the same order as you want them to appear in the published paper. No change in the order of the authorship is made later.
  14. The whole manuscript, with references, is required to be typed single-spaced on one side of the paper.
  15. All pages should be numbered consecutively in the bottom right starting from the title page.

The following guidelines are required to be followed before reproducing tables and figures from supplementary sources:

  1. Figure numbers are required to be in order, i.e., Figure 1, Figure 2. Figures with multipart should be labelled as Figure 1(a)
  2. All the tables and figures are required to be incorporated according to APA format (6th edition)
  3. The table number and title should be mentioned above the table, whereas the figure number and title should be at the bottom of the figure.
  4. Ensure double-checking the references for consistency with the text of the article.
  5. References are required to be indented without space.

Note: The manuscripts that are not prepared in the light of the above-mentioned guidelines may be reverted to the author before reviewing for correction.

Title and Authorship Information 

The title of the manuscript is required to be a brief phrase and in capitalized words that describe the contents of the paper. The Title Page should include the authors' full names and affiliations, the name of the corresponding author along with phone, fax, and E-mail information.


The abstract of all the manuscripts should not exceed 200-300 words. The abstract should clearly describe the scope, methods, data collection and its tools, framework, hypothesis or rationale for the work, and the main findings in complete sentences, active verbs. The abstract should be written in the past tense. Standard nomenclature should be used and abbreviations should be avoided. No literature should be cited.


Only 5-7 Keywords are required to be given under the abstract.


This segment should contain adequate background information, and provide a clear statement of the problem, the relevant literature on the subject, the proposed method or elucidation, and the knowledge gap. The aims of the manuscript should be clearly stated. It should be comprehensible to colleagues from a wide-ranging collection of disciplines.

Literature Review

 The literature review should be in a comprehensive review form that gives the information of the literature available related to the given research. It should be a summary, analysis, and evaluation of the literature and an explanation of what research has already been performed in that particular domain.

Methodology/ research design/ framework

This should be complete enough to provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be repeated by others. However, only truly new procedures should be described in detail; previously published procedures should be cited, and important modifications of published procedures should be mentioned briefly. Methodology and framework in general use need not be described in detail.


The discussion should consider the results with any hypotheses advanced in the Introduction and place the study in the context of other work. The Results and Discussion sections can be combined. 


Results should be given in a rational sequence in the text, tables, and figures; repetitive demonstration of similar data in diverse forms should be escaped. The results should not comprise a material suitable for the Discussion. It should be written in the past tense when describing findings in the authors' experiments. Results should be explained, but largely without referring to the literature.


The content of this section should not significantly match the abstract. 


Authors are directed to follow APA (American Psychological Association) References style while giving references for Figures (Including Images) and Tables, Figures / Illustrations / Photographs Tables, and Equations while submitting the paper.

 Submission Preparation Checklist

Before submission of your manuscript, please check that:

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  6. All references cited in the text are included in the reference section.
  7. All figures and tables are cited in the text.
  8. The pages are numbered bottom right side.
  9. Plagiarism Reports is not more than 18% (Turnitin).
  10. Does the paper fall under Journal Scope?
  11. Does Paper have followed Journal Template
  12. Paper is submitted with condition that it has not been published earlier or is not under consideration in any other journal.

Note: In case of failure of the above checklist, the paper is desk rejected and does not process further. If a paper passes the above checklist, it will be further forward for the following review process.

Editorial Correspondence should be addressed to:
 E-mail: researchsyndicate.vv@gmail.com

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored, transmitted, or disseminated, in any form, or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

For online submission of the manuscript Click Here.

The Research Syndicate Academy


Peer review is the evaluation of manuscripts submitted to the International Bulletin of Linguistics and Literature (IBLL) and is reviewed by experts in related fields. Peer review enables authors to receive critical feedback from experts on individual manuscripts.

All submitted manuscript is kept confidential. Reviewers are not allowed to share or disclose unpublished information in a manuscript.

Reviewers of the International Bulletin of Linguistics and Literature (IBLL) avoid evaluating manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest. They contact editors if there is any conflict of interest that could affect their evaluation of a manuscript. In those cases, they can reject reviewing the manuscript.

Reviewers can recommend to the author/s any related work that is not cited.

We use a double-blind system for peer review: The identities of both reviewers and authors remain anonymous. Each submitted manuscript is peer-reviewed by at least two experts. In some rare cases, we may start the third round of peer review according to the recommendations from editors and reviewers.

IBLL observes the practice of peer review to ensure the quality of published research. The said practice is adopted by reputable research journals. Our review committee plays a pivotal role to maintain the high standard of research publication. All the manuscripts submitted to IBLL are peer-reviewed in the following ways:

  • Initial manuscript evaluation The Editor first evaluates all manuscripts. It is rare, but an exceptional manuscript can be accepted at this stage. Manuscripts rejected at this stage are insufficiently original, have serious scientific flaws, have poor grammar or English language, or are outside the aims and scope of the journal. Those that meet the minimum criteria are normally passed on to at least 2 experts for review.
  • IBLL employs double-blind reviewing, where both the reviewers and the authors remain anonymous throughout the process.
  • How the reviewers are selected, reviewers are matched to the research article according to their expertise and our database is constantly being updated.
  • Language correction is not part of the peer-review process, but referees may, if so wish, suggest corrections to the manuscript
  • Reviewers are asked to evaluate the manuscript on the following basis:
    • The originality of the paper
    • Soundness of methodology
    • Adherence to the appropriate ethical guidelines
    • Clarity of results and conclusions
    • Correct representation of the references

Timeline of the review process

  • The time required for the review process depends on the response of the reviewers. In case the reports of the reviewers contradict or a report is unnecessarily delayed, a further expert opinion will be sought. In rare cases for which it is extremely difficult to find a second reviewer to review the manuscript, or when the one reviewer’s report has thoroughly convinced the Editor, decisions at this stage to accept, reject or ask the author for a revision are made based on only one referee’s report. The Editor’s decision will be sent to the author with recommendations made by the referees, which usually include precise comments by the referees. Revised manuscripts might be returned to the initial referees who may then request another revision of a manuscript.
  • A final decision to accept or reject the manuscript will be sent to the author along with any recommendations made by the referees and may include exact comments by the referees.
  • Editor’s Decision is final reviewers may advise the editor, who is responsible for the final decision to accept or reject the article.

Note for Reviewers

Those who want to act as reviewers of IBLL may contact the editor. The benefits of refereeing for IBLL include the opportunity to read see and evaluate the latest work in their research area at an early stage, and to contribute to the overall integrity of scientific research and its published documentation. They may also be able to cite IBLL work   as part of their professional development requirements for various professional societies and organizations


IBLL uses turitin.com for pilgrims checking. Its acceptance rate is 18%. 

IBLL is following the HEC (Pakistan) policies regarding Turnitin Originality Report and Plagiarism.
Zero tolerance Policy on Plagiarism issue. IBLL aims for an original script having 18 or below 18 % Turnitin Originality Report.
HEC relevant Weblinks:

Plagiarism Policy

The little book of plagiarism

Turnitin Guidelines

Tips for avoiding plagiarism

  • Cite all your sources, whether you have read or heard them,
  • Keep full records of every source of information you use including the date you accessed electronic resources,
  • Place quotation marks around any words you copy verbatim and credit the source,
  • Use your own words when summarizing or paraphrasing someone else’s words–but don’t forget–you will still need to reference it!
  • Make sure you check with your Journal which referencing system they want you to use


IBLL is Pakistan's fastest-growing and most comprehensive journal publishing platform that has been making an available multitude of research papers annually since 2018. IBLL publishes cutting-edge research, educational news, special papers and reviews. IBLL follows Open Access Policy however, people can subscribe to our Journal by Emailing @ researchsyndicate.vv@gmail.com.

The followings are the details of the subscription to our journal

A subscription to IBLL provides seamless access to the latest research published quarterly.

Subscribers will be provided with the opportunity to get their research published free of cost once a year.

The subscribers will be sent a hard copy of the journal quarterly free of cost.

Our subscription charges are PKR 10,000 per annum which are to be sent to the account of Research Syndicate Academy.


IBLL follows the Ethical Guidelines for Journals given by HEC, Pakistan.

Ethical approval of research in the form of letters from the ethical review committee (ERC), ethical review board (ERB), institutional review board (IRB), or any other relevant form of ethical approval is mandatory for all manuscripts submitted to IBLL. The only exceptions to this rule include letters to the editor based on some new information, narrative reviews, and special communications in the form of a review. Reporting a case report or case series in retrospect does not require an IRB certificate but a letter of approval from the head of the department or institute on the institute’s letterhead is required. Ensure that you have read our editorial policy on ethical approval.

  • IRB number.
  • Date when IRB approval was given.
  • Permission of period during which the research can be conducted.
  • Signature of the chairperson of the IRB/ERB with the additional designation of chairperson if any. A stamp of the IRB of the institute should be present.
  • The letter should be on the letterhead of the IRB of the institute.


IBLL adheres to a strict privacy policy. The privacy of the authors is highly important to us. This privacy statement provides information about

  • Personal information that we collect
  • Ways in which IBLL uses that personal information.

Personal information collection

IBLL may collect and use personal information that is necessary for the processing and publication of manuscripts submitted to us. This information may include

  • Names
  • Affiliation
  • Contact details
  • Postal address,
  • Emails,
  • Phone numbers
  • Fax numbers.

Using personal information

Personal information collected by us will only be used to:

  • Process and publish your manuscript.
  • Administer this website
  • Personalize the website for you
  • Enable your access to and use of the website services
  • Process your manuscript
  • Publish your manuscript
  • Send to your communication about your manuscript
  • Send to you statements and invoices
  • Collect payments from you
  • Send you marketing communications

Where to disclose Author’s personal information

IBLL may disclose the personal information of the authors to its agents or sub-contractors for these purposes, the agent or sub-contractor in question will be obligated to use that personal information following the terms of this privacy statement.

In addition to the disclosures reasonably necessary for the purposes identified elsewhere above, IBLL may disclose your personal information to the extent that it is required to do so by law, in connection with any legal proceedings or prospective legal proceedings, and to establish, exercise or defend its legal rights.

Securing your data

IBLL takes judicious technical and organizational precautions to prevent the loss, misuse or alteration of your personal information.

Cross-border data transfers

Information that we collect may be stored and processed in and transferred between any of the countries in which IBLL operates to enable the use of the information following this privacy policy. In addition, personal information that you submit for publication on the website will be published on the internet and may be available around the world.

You agree to such cross-border transfers of personal information.

Updating this statement

IBLL may update or revise this privacy policy by posting a new version on this website. 

You should check this page occasionally to ensure you are familiar with any changes.


Submission of work requires that the piece to be reviewed has not been previously published. Upon acceptance, the author assigns to the IBLL the right to publish and distribute the manuscript in part or its entirety. The Author's name will always be included with the publication of the manuscript.

The Author has the following nonexclusive rights:

  1. to use the manuscript in the Author's teaching activities.
  2. to publish the manuscript, or permit its publication, as part of any book the author may write.
  3. to include the manuscript in the Author's own personal or departmental (but not institutional) database or online site.
  4. to license reprints of the manuscript to third persons for educational photocopying. The Author also agrees to properly credit the IBLL as the original place of

The Author hereby grants the IBLL full and exclusive rights to the manuscript, all revisions, and the full copyright. IBLL rights include but are not limited to the following:

  1. to reproduce, publish, sell, and distribute copies of the manuscript, selections of the manuscript, and translations and other derivative works based upon the manuscript, in print, audio-visual, electronic, or by any media now or hereafter known or
  2. to license reprints of the manuscript to third persons for educational photocopying.
  3. to license others to create abstracts of the manuscript and to index the manuscript.
  4. to license secondary publishers to reproduce the manuscript in print, microform, or any computer-readable form, including electronic online databases.
  5. to license the manuscript for document delivery. These exclusive rights run the full term of the copyright and all renewals and extensions

I hereby accept the terms of the above Author Agreement.


Author: -      Date: -


Editor in Chief: -                                          Date: -




Authors should be prompt with their manuscript revisions. If an Author cannot meet the deadline given, the Author should contact the IBLL’S (researchsyndicat.vv@gmail.com) Editor-in-Chief as soon as possible to determine whether a longer period or withdrawal from the review process should be chosen as an exceptional case.


First Issue


Second Issue


Third Issue


Fourth Issue


Call for Papers





Paper Submission





Review Process






Notification to Authors










Steps involved from date of receipt of research article till the publication of the article,


The publication charges policy of IBLL has been managed by the Research Syndicate Academy (RSA), which is a research institute having a Research Mandate, registered by the Securities Exchange Corporation of Pakistan (SECP). Various Journals are being sponsored by many organizations, societies, and other groups. Owing to such sponsoring and funding, they do not charge any publication charges. RSA is neither being funded nor financed by any organization or society. IBLL is trying to get it indexed by the world's best indexing agencies like JCR, SSCI, WOS etc. Our mission is not only to facilitate our local researchers but also to meet international and global academia.

To meet such expenses, IBLL recommends nominal publication charges in comparison to the contemporary journals in the domain. IBLL provides special financial relief to PhD scholars and young researchers not only from all over Pakistan but also from third world countries. Furthermore, the authors may ask their respective institutes to pay the publication fee, as many institutes facilitate their scholars and researchers. But where author or researcher has no facility or a proper funder. Cogent OA (Taylor and Francis-Informal Group) pioneered a new module of financial contribution to pay the publication charges, titled “Freedom Articles Publishing Charges”. It allows authors to choose how much to contribute towards the publication charges of their research in open access journals.

IBLL charges in two tiers of the total fee (RS 10000/-) for local Authors and $150 for International authors. The fee is nonrefundable.

  • Article-processing charges (pre-acceptance) –APC-I (45%)
  • Article publishing charges (post-acceptance)-APC-II (55%)

Article submission is free. Once the article has been submitted, the author will be sent an acknowledgement of receipt article. Then the article will go through the pre-editorial review that is free of cost. It includes:

  • Scope
  • Plagiarism (as per Journal’s Policy)
  • Basic format
  • Initial grammar and typo check
  • Authors strength
  • Citation style
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • APA 6

Waiver Policy:

IBLL designed a waiver policy for the authors as under:

For the authors who want their manuscript to be published and cannot pay a publication fee, their article can be published under a golden open access model (GOAM). They are required to send a request to the editor for publication under GOAM through email at researchsyndicate.vv@gmail.com. The waiver requests under GOAM are considered on a need and eligibility basis and may be granted in cases of genuine need.   

Eligibility Criteria under GOAM

  1. The scholars and researchers who have won any national excellence award.
  2. Undergraduates with quality manuscripts
  3. orphan, special persons handicapped
  4. Whose parents and siblings are martyred/ affected by the war on terror.

Utilization of Publication Fee

IBLL uses the publication fee for maintenance of the journal, peer reviewers ‘fee, advisory body’s dues, editorial work, administrative support, commissioning content, editorial layout, journal development, correspondence with the authors, reviewers and referees, editorial review, double-blind review, foreign and local evaluation.

For any queries please feel free to contact us via Email: researchsyndicate.vv@gmail.com


Disclosure and CONFLICT OF INTEREST, correction and retraction of research articles, contribution and consent of each author and any other information

When submitting a manuscript to IBLL, the authors are always asked to disclose potential conflicts of interest. Ideally, conflicts of interest should be avoided, but in reality, this is not always possible.

Conflicts of interest can be financial or non-financial. Form for Disclosure of Conflicts of Interest does include both financial and non-financial relationships. Only relationships relevant to the study in the manuscript need to be declared. There is no definite cut-off as to how relevant or how much money is involved when a conflict of interest has to be reported. The authors will need to make their judgment, but if it is something that a reader might perceive as can affect the objectivity of the author, it should be disclosed.

If a conflict of interest is not disclosed in a published paper but later found out by a reader and reported to the journal, the journal usually will ask the authors to clarify whether such a claim is true and may ask the authors’ institution to investigate if the research is still credible. Failure to disclose conflicts of interest generally will not lead to retraction of the paper by the journal, but the authors will need to update their disclosure and the journal would publish a correction. However, retractions may happen if journals find that the authors have omitted major conflicts of interest that are likely to influence the study.

Of course, authors are not the only ones who need to disclose conflicts of interest during the publication process. Reviewers and editors are also required to disclose any potential conflicts of interest to the editorial board when handling a paper.